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What is FTP?

FTP  is used to transfer files between computers on a network. We can use FTP to
exchange files between computer accounts, transfer files between an account and a desktop computer, or access online software archives.


The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used for the transfer of computer files between a client and server on a computer network. FTP is built on a client-server model architecture using separate control and data connections between the client and the server.

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There are two general types of files: executable and data. Of these, there are many subcategories.tcci best computer institute

  • Text File Extensions
  • File Extension
  • Video File Extensions
  • Audio File Extensions
  • Database File Extensions



Audio Video Interleave File


Adobe Flash Video File


H.264 video File


Apple MP4 video File


There are various data formats like:

  • Image formats: .jpg, .gif, .png, .raw, and others.
  • Audio formats: .oog, .wav, and .mp3
  • Video formats: .avi, .mpeg, .mp4, and .wmv
  • Document formats: .doc, .txt, .xls, .ppt, and .pub

Let us see other categories in detail.

Executable File Extensions

  • .apk
  • Android package file
  • .bat
  • Batch file
  • .bin
  • Binary file
  • .cgi
  • Common Gateway Interface Script
  • .com
  • MS-DOS command file
  • .exe
  • Executable file
  • .jar
  • Java Archive file
  • .py
  • Python file
  • .wsf
  • Windows Script File

Audio File Extensions

doc and .docx

Microsoft Word file


OpenOffice Writer document file


Database File Extensions


Access 2007 Database File


Comma separated value file


Data file

.db or .dbf


Log file


Microsoft Access database file


Web File Extensions

.asp and .aspx

Active Server Page file


Internet security certificate


ColdFusion Markup file

.cgi or .pl

Perl script file


Cascading Style Sheet file

.htm and .html

HTML/Hypertext Markup Language file


JavaScript file


Java Server Page file


Partially downloaded file


PHP Source Code file


RSS/Rich Site Summary file


XHTML / Extensible Hypertext Markup Language file

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